Periodontitis is a inflammatory gingival disease, caused by bacteria. The start of every gingival disease is always plaque, which sticks to the teeth. The plaque can develop to tatar through calcification.
The metabolic products oft he bacteria that lives in the plaque lead to an inflammation of the gums. The gums decrease gradually and the periodontium and bones start to dissolve. Additional infections develop in neighboring tissue. The consequence is a futher destruction of the bone and loosening of the teeth. In worst case tooth loss may occur.
A good oral hygiene can prevent bacterial plaque, which is the main cause of parodontitis.
Toothbrushes and dental floss are the most important tools. The teeth should be brushed regularly (at least twice daily) and detal floss should be used once a day. The use of an electric toothbrush can be helpful. Smoking and stress are common risk factors for the development of periodontitis.
Redness of the gum, gum bleeding and bad breath can be indications for a beginning periodontitis.
The paradontitis treatment starts with the removal of plaque and tatar. For the periodontal therapy the gingival pockets, which developed due to the lack of posterior support (gums and bones), are cleaned and desinfected.